The Friendly Empire of Casara, or, more simply, the Casaran Empire or just Casara, is an African Empire that stretches over almost the entirety of the Sahara and Sahel Deserts, as well as most of Africa’s western coast north of the equator. Its capital is at Tepitilan, in the Tamanrasset Oasis, home to an estimated 5,649,123 people, emerging as one of the world’s most important cities by the end of the 1950s.
Its chief societal qualities are its matriarchal structure and its spirit of communalism and overall equality and tolerance, qualities that have changed very little over its history. The Casarans have gained through this a reputation as the "world's friendliest people", becoming a popular tourist destination. It has also become a haven for refugees and vagabonds worldwide, and, although Casara has been able to integrate them seamlessly in their country, there are concerns it could upset the Casaran balance.
According to Casaran lore, the Empire of Casara was traditionally founded by Arges I in 1548 under the ideals of tribal communalism. Later archaeological research- especially by Roman historian Rufus Martinus- has shown that Arges was a fabrication, created to serve as a "societal role model" with Casaran communalism dating back several centuries prior to Arges’ supposed rule. Still, Casaran society lives by Arges’ principle, with each Casaran city owning all supplies imaginable, with the people only using them when they need it. Income taxes are extremely high, but only because the only thing Casarans have to pay for is entertainment- all the necessities are provided by the government. Thus, the largest industries in Casara are entertainment and tourism, with the hospitality sector providing the highest paid jobs.
Historically, it has maintained its independence save for a 114-year period from 1832 to 1946 where the French government held it as a protectorate, where it still held effective internal autonomy. Following the ouster of the French from its territory, it waged war with the French until 1960 that ousted France from Africa, with Casara taking over the central third of the former colonial grouping known as “French West Africa”. Thus, the current period is held as Casara’s “Golden Age”, as the empire has become one of the world’s strongest nations economically and militarily. Due to its cultural ideology, Casara is primarily a peacemaker and a trader, very rarely engaging in offensive campaigns. Its economy is primarily resource-based due to its desert locations, although, due to its friendly reputation, tourism in places along the coast as well as in historic Timbuktou and in Tepitilan (home of weekly festivals) has also contributed greatly.
“In Casara, you are measured not by what you have but what you can do for others. They say that this makes them better than capitalists, but at least a capitalist isn’t shy about the true motivations behind their actions.”- William Dalton, Scottish historian, “The Inevitable Keynesian Empire” (1924)
At A GlanceEdit
Nation Name: The Friendly Empire of Casara
Independence or Founding Date: May 9, 1548 (traditional founding by Arges I, archaeological research suggests this date should be closer to 1562)
Population: (see list of countries by GDP)
Official Language(s): Casaran
Government Type: Constitutional Democratic Monarchy
Head of State: Empress Genera Fallang
Head of Government: Empress Genera Fallang, Chancellor Kylio Ritty
Official Religion: None
Largest Religion: Frenetas, (“Casaran Church of Happyology” in English)
Economy Type: Socialist
Currency: Casaran cram (¤) (¤100=US$1)
Summer Time: No
Calling Code: +777
Internet TLD: .ce
Maritime Boundary (nm): 24
Aircraft Registration Code: CAS
Political Rating: Liberal Socialist Republic
Military Size: 2% of the population in peace time, can reach up to 5% at wartime or higher if needed.
Military Capability Score (out of 100, rating by Worldwide Defence Trade Association (WDTA)): 100 (3rd)
Technological Innovation Score: Military (WDTA): 60/100 (average), Scientific (University poll): 100/100 (top), Other (University poll): 100/100 (top)
Economic Rating (by Standard & Poor): 100/100 (Strong) (See list of countries by GDP)
Economic Freedom Index (by Standard & Poor): 10/100 (almost near complete control of the economy by the government, very limited private practices are available)
Health Care Rating (by Doctors Without Borders): 100/100 (3rd)
Health Care System: Universal
Political Freedom Index (by Reporters Without Borders): 100/100 (top)
Drug Laws: Recreational drug trade is legal, but licensed.
Gun Control: Guns are banned in Casara except by approved personnel, such as the military and certain types of law enforcement officials
Environmental Policy Rating (by Greenpeace): 100/100 (complete attention paid to environmental concerns)
May 9, 1548: Traditional date of the foundation of Casara at Tepitilan in the Tamanrasset Oasis.
c. 1562: Actual foundation of Tepitilan, based on correspondence recovered by archaeological digs.
March-August 1694: Casaran troops enter the Niger Basin for the first time, annexing northern Niger by the end of August.
December 6, 1832: Following defeat at the Battle of Palms, Casara is made into a French protectorate.
October 5, 1950: Casaran victory at Dakar against the French leads to the Casaran ouster of France and the annexation of a third of the former colony of French West Africa.
February 11, 2010: “Jubilee Festival” attracts world-record 50 million visitors on grounds west of Tepitilan.
2017: Following the electoral defeat of Psia Gdyunk due to the rise of the alt-left, Genera Fallang, the new Erad, leads Casara to join Virtue.
In 1547, Arges Sulumansy was on the run. She had been raised a slave at a time when the Songhai Empire, while not quite as strong as it once was, was still a place of incredible decadence. Arges despised her servitude, and rounded up more disenfranchised slaves to join her in one last stand in the desert. In 1548, they had reached the Tamanrasset Oasis, and set up camp for the ensuing battle. In May of that year, Arges and her army- a mixture of men and women who called themselves “Casaran”, the word for "friendship" in their local slave language- waged the Battle of Tamanrasset against the Songhai, finally winning on May 9. At that point, Arges founded the Casaran capital of Tepitilan (“triumph”) at Tamanrasset, and laid down the foundation of today’s Casaran Empire. At its core, Arges insisted that her and her people owned nothing and shared everything, believing that the pursuit of wealth had corrupted societies like the Songhai. It is Arges’ belief that fuels Casaran society today, with every Casaran owing a debt of gratitude to their great founder...and it all started at Tamanrasset.
Or, that’s what the Casarans would like you to believe. Archaeological research- most prominently by 19th century Roman historian Rufus Martinus, with Casaran researchers themselves confirming it- has yet to show any evidence of Casaran activity in the oasis before 1562 when, conveniently, Arges was supposedly assassinated by her daughter, Basala, for “straying from Casaran ideology.” Therefore most historians believe that Basala the Kind was actually Casara’s first erad semptor (“first citizen”, shortened to “erad” in common parlance), with evidence suggesting that Basala conjured Arges as justification for representing the Casarans in Songhai court, since Basala was likely born out of wedlock.
The Songhai, according to sources, likely simply withdrew from Tamanrasset because, at the outer edge of its territory, the area was difficult to maintain. Although sources are sketchy, the more likely scenario was that "Casara" sprang up from the locals adopting a common identity, with this unified front causing the Songhai to reconsider their activities. At the time, the Songhai were known to have brought slaves from not just all over their empire but from all over Africa to operate an ambitious program to irrigate the Sahara (a program the Casarans would continue and themselves perfect). The Songhai believed that by mixing different ethnicities together they would not coalesce into a threat, but as time wore on- the Songhai were estimated to have been in the Tamanrasset Valley for anywhere from 100-150 years- the opposite occurred. It's widely believed that the Songhai Empire, then in decline, withdrew voluntarily when this happened, which is why the Casarans created the Arges myth. Historians do believe that the rise of Casara had to do with a rejection of Songhai ideals, since their identity was that of slaves who had every reason to rebel against their masters' decadence. Evidence suggests that even from that early point in history, the Casaran system of tribal communalism was in full force, with even Basala being forbidden from actually owning anything. In such small numbers (Casara at this time was thought to have no more than 1,000 people), though, sharing resources and necessities was much easier- as the population grew, challenges to the system began to emerge.
In 1588, the Casarans faced their first test to their independence. The Mali Empire, on its last legs, sought the resources of the oasis to strengthen its hold on recalcitrant vassals, believing the small Casaran kingdom would easily succumb to their forces. However, the Malians underestimated the bond the Casarans forged, losing dramatically at the Battle of Fisher’s Bridge as the Casarans fought as a far more cohesive unit. The ensuing peace deal allowed Casara to expand into Malian territory, eventually reaching Gao by 1599.
In 1629, the Casarans had their first interactions with the French, exploring from trading posts in Senegal. At first, their interactions with the French were cordial, as the Casarans and the French became close trading partners. The Casarans also proved helpful to France in increasing their influence in sub-Saharan Africa, with the French in turn helping them enter the Niger Basin. This meant that by 1700, Casara and France shared a common border at the Niger River’s eastern half.
The 18th century saw the kingdom enjoy a period of extended peace, but towards the end, signs of trouble with the French began to brew. The Barbary Wars pushed the coastal Berbers southward, putting pressure on the new kingdom. Not long after Napoleon sent his troops southward in Algeria, culminating in the first Casaran-French conflict, the Battle of Yamaret in 1803, with the Grand Armee and its technological prowess pulling off a decisive victory. Pressures in Europe forced Napoleon to abandon the attempt at conquering Casara, but Napoleon’s loss at Waterloo would only delay the inevitable.
By 1832, the French were completing their conquest of Algeria and began to look southward. Rene Savary, the Duke of Rovigo, knew the importance of spreading French influence to the other coast of Africa, thus making Casara a target. After a long siege of Tepitilan from March to November 1832, the French decisively defeated the Casarans at the Battle of the Palms just outside of the capital. Logistical concerns prevented the French from properly establishing administrative control, but since the French found the Casarans to be “useful”, France kept the nation as simply a protectorate.
Under the French, the Casarans enjoyed local autonomy, although its defence and foreign affairs were handled by Paris. The nation was unlike its colonial neighbours around it in that its citizens were not entirely under the whims of France and had limited self-determination, but this was due to the Casarans remembering 1832 and deciding that fighting the French was fruitless instead of having any liking to its exploitative “protector”. Still, from time to time, uprisings would occur only for the French to put them down. The Casarans realized in the aftermath of the French conquest their country was behind Europe in terms of infrastructure and technology, so they determined that the only way to eventually evict the French was to learn from them.
In 1916, Camara Eshoj led a hunger strike outside of a factory protesting an increase in French taxation in Casara. Eshoj would lead a number of other civil disobedience campaigns- such as the 1922 Cactus March- that brought Casaran nationalism to the global spotlight. It is said that Indian nationalist Mahatma Ghandi would be inspired by Eshoj, although the extent of this is debatable.
Eshoj’s peaceful approach had a way of igniting passions against the French, with the rest of Western Africa prepared to join the Casarans in their struggle with France. World War II and the temporary displacement of Paris as the colonial master delayed the Casaran uprising (as the Casarans wanted to fight the Axis Powers), but as soon as the war was finished, the Casarans resumed their struggle. A day after the European armistice was signed, Casaran General Atima Flack took down the French flag from her army base and burned it, indicating that the war had begun.
Despite protests from Eshoj that the campaign remain peaceful, France’s decision to rock Tepitilan with airstrikes forced the issue. The French believed that by being aggressive they would destroy Casaran resolve, but it only strengthened it- as well as the resolve of its former docile colonies. Buoyoed by a large contingent of Khorsuni fighters, Flack raised an enormous army of Western Africans to campaign against the French, winning their first battle at Gao on July 13, 1945.
Flack kept the pressure on, clearing the French from the Sahel and the Sahara by the end of 1945, allowing them to turn their attention to the more fortified coastal cities. In January of 1946, Flack captured Niamey, which opened the door for her to attack Bamako and Abidjan. By the summer of 1946, Bamako was in Casaran hands, and by spring of 1947, Abidjan was captured.
It was at this time that the instability that plagued the French Fourth Republic reared its head. Since no government could agree on a working coalition, separatist movements in many of France’s regions began to enter the spotlight, believing that working with Paris had become untenable. The first region to separate from France was Occitania via plebiscite- already a Roman majority region, Occitania naturally joined Rome, with Aquitaine joining as a province and Provence joining the Republic proper.
The loss of Occitania spurred French action in Algeria, which forced Flack to abandon her plans on Dakar to face the northern threat. Algeria and Morocco, home to many Romanized Muslims dating back to Ottoman times, was also prepared to join Rome via plebiscite, which Rome was willing to defend. Sensing the opportunity to gain an important ally on the international front, the Casarans assisted the Algerians in their revolt, with Algiers falling to a combined Roman-Casaran-Algerian force by the end of 1949. This left Senegal- who had a revolt of their own going- as the last bastion of French power in Africa, one the reeling Republic had no hope to hold on to once the coalition force decided to help them out.
To defend Dakar, the French called upon their famous general, Charles de Gaulle, which boosted morale and increased discipline in French ranks. De Gaulle won France’s first battle against Casara since the Battle of the Palms by defeating Flack outside of Kayes, momentarily stopping Casaran momentum. A further string of victories in the spring of 1950 gave de Gaulle confidence to start an offensive of his own, and on May 30, he marched on Bamako.
However, the economic hit France took after World War II meant that de Gaulle’s attempt would be futile. Faced with logistical nightmares and dwindling supplies, the French were repulsed at Bamako, and the Casarans didn’t look back. In October, after several skirmishes, Dakar fell to the coalition forces, and colony of French West Africa was no more, split into two territories- the northern third going to Rome, the rest to Casara. The collapse of FWA led to the turn of the tide for the Indochinese in their own war against France, which they ultimately won in 1954. After further instability at home, mostly due to their lost colonies, the Fourth Republic was no more, and in 1956, to preserve order in the Cold War, the Dutch took over France just like they had taken over West Germany.
With the incorporation of French West Africa, the Casarans rechristened their Empress, erad priori cazari, or “first among friends”, acknowledging the helpfulness of the other peoples that helped it evict the French. This rechristening is held as the beginning of the Casaran Empire, with the first Empress, Arges IX, taking the inagural throne on October 31, 1950.
This move upset the Khorsunis, who believed the Casarans were “giving up too soon” and should use the opportunity to press onwards and take over France itself. Eshoj countered that the Khorsunis were driven by their own selfish desires and that continuing the war would be damaging. Public opinion sided with Eshoj, which prompted Lavar Sayatana, a Khorsuni nationalist, to assassinate Eshoj. The move inflamed nationalistic tensions and threatened sectarian violence. Various attempts were made to bridge the differences between the Casarans and Khorsunis but they ultimately were ineffective. On January 11, 1992, an agreement was reached where the Niger and Gambia Rivers became the dividing lines between Casara and the Khorsuni sphere of influence. An independent Senegalese republic was founded with both Casaran and Khorsuni spheres of influence, with the hopes that a federation could make the two countries work together but with both countries having different foreign policy outlooks, it was a pipe dream. After Senegalese terrorists attacked the Vatican (following the Pope's call for peace in Senegal), Rome launched an invasion of Senegal in response, annexing the country in 2013 to the joy of the Senegalese, constantly worried about Khorsuni interference, but also to Khorsun's consternation.
Afterwards, Casara spent millions restructuring its infrastructre in order to properly incorporate its new territories. The other ethnicities embraced Casara’s sense of communalism, given that most were impoverished themselves due to French exploitation. Reforms were still necessary due to the vast increase in territory, but by the end of the decade, Casara’s economy would stabilize.
Since independence, Casara has enjoyed immense prosperity, due in no small part to the nation’s abundant resources. They also gained a reputation for friendliness as a peacemaker during the Cold War troubles, and have maintained their role as peacemaker in today’s world in light of the renewed English-Roman rivalry, a reputation that has meant they have the greatest number of diplomatic relations worldwide.
However, since the rise of Rekhan Taneltar in Khorsun, the Casarans have been forced to acknowledge the Khorsuni threat for the first time since Eshoj's murder. This is because the previously fractured Khorsuni base has finally found a unifying force, and Taneltar has made it no secret that he intends to use it.
In 2017, Genera Fallang won a surprise electoral victory over Psia Gdyunk on the heels of alt-left populism that swept up the Casaran Empire. Fallang specifically ran on a platform to ban Nathanism just as American Confederacy President Haylie Modine did, in a bid to "end rape culture" in Casara. Gdyunk opposed it, labelling the young Fallang as a "demagogue" and calling her rhetoric "divisive", but fear held much higher sway. After her victory, Fallang negotiated Casara's entry into Virtue, ending Casaran policies of isolationism.
The Casaran Empire’s economy, given its desert location, is primarily resource-based, dominated by oil and natural gas. Thus, it is prone to “boom and bust” cycles, although reforms in the 1970s have gone a long way in making the Casaran economy that much more diversified.
The other major sector of the Casaran economy is tourism. Due in no small part to the coastal areas’ natural beauty and the reputation of Casaran citizens as friendly, millions of tourists visit Casara’s many attractions every month. The largest draw is the Tepitilan Jubilee Festival, held throughout the month of February, which draws an average of 30 million visitors annually, with a high of 50 million in 2010. The Nouakchott Sunrise Festival, held in the first weekend of April, rivals the Jubilee Festival, averaging four million visitors over the course of the four-day holiday.
The economic system of Casara has been described by outsiders as “socialist” due to the fact that Casarans have almost everything provided for them, but the term isn’t wholly accurate. The Casarans allow extensive privitization, with corporate tax rates that are comparable with the economies of Rome and England. Casaran citizens, though, are burdened with a 60% income tax, which can reach up to 70% based on certain wealth thresholds. This is because essentials such as housing, food, education, medical services, public transport, clothing, utilities and the like are provided for the people completely free of charge, with the government going out of its way to provide services of good quality. The responsibilities of provision fall to the urban centres, which collect the taxes (a portion of which goes to the central government). Citizens, though, are permitted to purchase some items the government could provide for them anyway, such as clothes or a car, although, in practice this is rarely done.
Workers who provide municipal services- such as food creators (except in specialized contexts), maintenance personnel (for municipal structures), hospital workers, and law enforcement officers- are exempt from taxes, though their pay is provided at a point where their "take home pay" is competitive to those in other countries, where those workers would get taxed.
Unemployment is practically non-existent, due to government placement programs and the option for citizens to register themselves as "independent contractors", which is the classification used for those who work in the arts. Abuse of this system is rather high, since it is not required for one to prove that they are actually "producing work", though local governments- through their placement programs- can investigate cases of abuse and force abusers into another line of work, deporting them to another jurisdiction if need be.
Casara is a constitutional monarchy, with the Empress, or “Erad” in local parlance, elected via a direct vote. The citizens also directly elect the provincial governors as well as their municipal mayor. The leaders then appoint their own ministers to assist them, with the Casaran Constitution outlining the jurisdiction for each level of government (with undefined roles left to the Erad). Their powers are essentially restricted to that of a veto, except when a "national emergency" is declared (which can only be done via plebiscite), as all laws passed by Casara- at any level- must gain a majority of votes from its citizens. The laws are vetted through the Casaran Constitution, which protects the central rights of Casaran life (including communalism), and each level of government has oversight through judiciary committees, which are also directly elected by the people (with the highest court being the Casaran Imperial Oversight Court, or ECO from its Casaran language acronym). The judiciary has no legislative power of its own, but it does have the power to strike down unconstitutional laws on its own accord, or if enough subjects at that level of government ask for a review of the law via a plebiscite.
Administratively, the Casaran Empire is divided into 7 provinces:
-Central Sahara (cap. Adrar)
-Mali (cap. Timbuktu)
-Mauritania (cap. Nouakchott)
-N Chad (cap. Kebir)
-Cyrene (cap. Benghazi)
-Fezzan (cap. Sabha)
-Tamanrasset (cap. Tepitilan)
The capital of Casara is Tepitilan, which was the name of the Tamanrasset Oasis to the Casarans before they arrived in the area via the Berbers. An Islamic court exists in Adrar to cater to the Casaran Muslims, although its decisions are still subject to Casaran law and the Casaran Constitution.
The Casarans have their own unique language and culture, cultivated and evolving over the years with the influences of other cultures it interacted with in its history, such as the Berbers or the Tuareg. Politically, the Casarans generally lean socially very liberal (even amongst its Muslim population) due to its history of multiculturalism and communalism, although abortion continues to be a divisive issue.
At the root of Casaran culture is the fact their societal structure is matriarchal. Lineage is determined from the mother's side, and women dominate most sectors of society, including almost all decision-making roles. The only sectors of society where men play a primary role are those where there is heavy labour, such as in a factory, although there are still considerable amounts of women in those roles as well. However, gender inequality- or any kind of discrimination- is not an issue in Casara and never had been, as Casarans have always believed that marginalization goes against communalism. Thus, while a Western observer might believe that a Casaran man would have a hard time becoming a decision maker in Casaran society, the Casaran man never believes it, since there would be no stigma if it were to happen (nor a law forbidding it) and, though not a common occurrence, it can and has happened in the past.
Casarans are known for their sunny disposition and friendliness, with people opening their homes to complete strangers- even tourists- being not uncommon. Casarans are very affectionate in general, greeting each other with a hug, even someone they are meeting for the first time, with people who are closer to each other might kiss each other on the cheeks. Friends- even if they are both male- are known to hold hands with each other without any sexual connotations, although those not in a relationship do not interlock the fingers.
It is considered rude to ignore someone you know when passing by them in a setting like a hallway or the streets, unless one is in a hurry. When entertaining guests or simply meeting someone’s guests for the first time, it is considered improper to ignore a guest, and one must start from the oldest and proceed to the youngest.
Grudges in Casara are also extremely frowned upon, as anger in general is seen to build up one’s negative energy. Too much negative energy is believed to cause hardship later in life and in the afterlife, so if one wants to avoid the hardships, they must atone for their misdeeds and commit acts of kindness. Kindness, on the other hand, is said to build positive energy that rewards the person later in life. Forgiveness also builds this energy, meaning Casarans are expected to “turn the other cheek” in most situations, with the only allowance being if one needs to defend themselves from further harm.
Alcohol and other recreational drugs are legal in Casara and are prevalent at its many festivities, but one can only purchase such items from government-run stores. It is also illegal to be intoxicated at work or while operating any kind of heavy machinery.
Owing to its communal nature, it is considered a taboo to be a “hermit” and refuse to engage in social activity. The only reason one can give for staying at home is if they are tired from working or if they have chores to finish at home, otherwise the expectation in Casaran culture is that one mingles with the rest of society. Thus, “hermits” are looked upon with greater suspicion than they may be in Rome or Britain
While Casarans have no social taboo against “revealing” clothing- Casara even has no law against public nudity, owing to its sub-Saharan origins- in the northern desert regions it is often not seen because it is impractical. Closer to the coast one finds people less predisposed to covering themselves, as the climate generally makes layers impractical. However, using nudity or revealing clothing in a sexualized manner is extremely frowned upon in Casara and while “Western-style” pornography is not banned, it is not nearly as heavily consumed. Strip clubs and prostitution are also very uncommon, as both practices are seen as “selfish” and thus contrast with the ideal of communalism.
The Casarans have their own religion. It is thought their practices evolved from a previous sub-Saharan grouping that has since gone extinct, but research on this topic is still ongoing. Thus, their language is unique as are many of their other rituals. There are no formal gathering times required, but Casarans are still expected to salute the gods (most of which are actually goddesses, and the salute one does towards a god or a goddess depends on the activity) before partaking in an activity and are expected to visit one of the many temples for Resto, the goddess held to “inspire” Arges I, and pray to her. Thus, Casaran parlance is full of many different salutations and sayings and it is not uncommon to hear them uttered in daily discourse.
One of the more unique aspects of Casaran religion is their funeral ritual. Upon someone’s death, the Casarans believe one transfers to another lifeform, with that transfer based upon their conduct as a human. Creatures such as birds, owing to the freedom of air and the proximity to the heavens, are seen as favourable creatures to turn into, while creatures such as fish, owing to the restrictiveness of swimming and the proximity to the underworld, are seen as undesirable. Most of the time, the creature selected is a bird, although at the funeral of convicted killers it is more common for fish to be used. Thus, you will see at a funeral the skeleton of the desired lifeform (the skeletons now being made synthetically) hanging above the casket, with prayers being said to implore the gods to transform the dead person into the desired creature. The skeleton is then taken down and brought to a room that only the priest is allowed into. This room connects to the back of the temple, with doors that open to the outside. These doors are connected to a bell, which rings when the doors are opened. According to lore, after the skeleton is brought into the room it is actually transformed into the intended creature which is then promptly released, although in practice it is just stored in a special box with the doors opening to air. Sometimes an actual creature, held in a cage, is used to mimic the transformation by having it released into the wild, but settings and the particular temple’s finances may not allow for that to happen. Once the release is finished, a party celebrating the deceased person’s life begins, which oftentimes lasts into the night.
Casarans are known for their entertainment, with numerous different kinds of festivals and musical tastes being found across the Empire, with the year filled with events. Of particular note is the “Jubilee Festival” in Tepitilan, which runs for the entire month of February and is designed to be a celebration of Casara’s many different cultures. Sports is also a favourite pastime of Casarans, with soccer overwhelmingly at the top of the list.
Criminal justice Edit
The Casaran criminal justice system is remarkably different than those that exist in other countries. The main difference is that Casara does not maintain a traditional police force, either at the national or local level. Instead, local authorities may choose to hire groups of individuals known as "peacekeepers". The peacekeepers have only one job, and that is to observe their assigned neighbourhoods and respond to distress calls, although the peacekeepers have leniency to intervene if they believe a distressed person is unable to call for assistance. Peacekeepers are not allowed into private establishments except when requested, and are required by law to stay until the requesting party states they no longer need their services. Typically peacekeepers are unarmed and are trained in deescalation techniques to prevent the use of non-lethal force, though if an armed force is required, members of the Army can be called in.
Investigative services Edit
For crimes that require an investigation- such as murder, theft, harassment or sexual assault- the Casaran Department of Justice provides a network of investigators who can be called upon known as the Detectives' Association. Membership is open to anyone, though members must still be approved by the Department of Justice. Local municipalities pay for the Detectives through local taxation, and because Detectives are paid for by the government, their pay is exempt from taxes. Law prohibits citizens from paying for Detectives out of their own pocket, and the Department of Justice has auditing powers to curtail abuse.
Once hired, Detectives investigate the crime that has been alleged, keeping the citizen regularly updated on its progress. Cases may only be closed by the citizen, though if a Detective recommends a case be closed, typically the citizen will accede to this request.
After the information has been collected, citizens then present their case to a magistrate, who is also paid by the government. The magistrate then reviews the evidence and interviews any witnesses that accuser names in their case. Should the magistrate feel the case is compelling (and many times they do), the magistrate can order the accused party to answer the charges at a hearing. The accused do have a right to hire a lawyer to assist in defending their case, but the accused must pay for representation entirely on their own- otherwise, they are left to represent themselves. The accused is given the right to examine the evidence and provide counter-arguments to the evidence, calling on witnesses if need be (if they are available, and again, the accused must pay for their time).
Following the review of the evidence and its counter-arguments, the magistrate then makes a ruling on the merits of the case. Rulings do not have to be "either-or" propositions- the magistrate can determine that only some parts of the case require compensation and thus orders that this compensation be made. Usually judgements are made for monetary compensation, though magistrates can order those who are convicted to attend rehabilitation services or to provide 100% taxed work to the government. Only in rare cases are criminals sent to prison, with prisons being built and maintained only to house the most dangerous of offenders.
Automobile ownership in Casara is severely limited by law, as the only people allowed to own vehicles are those who require it for their business (such as a landscaper) or those who frequently travel outside of the country (such as a trucker or diplomat). Thus, the public transportation system in Casara is extensive, with coverage in every city and town in the Empire. High speed trains are utilized between the major urban centres, with more conventional buses running in smaller locales. Public transportation is run by the central government under the Casaran Transport Authority. A zone-based fare system exists, with the cost of travelling in one zone similar to rates of travel in cities such as London or Toronto.
Casara is home to several international airports, the busiest of which are in Nouakchott and Tepitilan, as well as numerous seaports along the coast. Immigration
A visa is required to enter the country, whether as a tourist or as an immigrant, although restrictions vary depending on the individual’s income. Visitors with documented proof of decent income are less vetted than those who are struggling, with individuals wishing to invest in Casara and provide jobs being given almost free reign to enter providing there is a need for the service in the Casaran economy. Visitors subject to deportation are given a lifetime ban on returning to Casara, with those found to have overstayed their visit being given immediate deportation, with manhunts for overstayers being treated the same as those for serious offenders. The strict policy on immigration has been criticized many times in its history, although the Casaran government maintains that it requires the strict policy in order to ensure that the costs of providing goods to Casarans stays as low as it can be- if the Casarans have too many “freeloaders” this would drive up the costs. Deportations can be challenged on appeal, though.